Albariño is a grape variety native to Galicia, Spain. It is used for the production of white wine in this historic region. To a lesser extent, in the communities of Cantabria, Castilla y León and Catalonia. In northern Portugal it is known as Alvarinho or cainho branco and is abundant in Monção and Melgaço, in the northwest of the country.

There is a legend, defended by the gastronome and writer Álvaro Cunqueiro, who says that the Albariño grape was brought to Galicia by the monks of the Cistercian Order in the 12th century. The order had been founded in 1090 in the abbey of Citeux, on the Côte d’Or in Burgundy. Therefore, these monks, who came from wine regions of France, planted vineyards in the valleys of the Camino de Santiago. However, scientific evidence seems to indicate that the variety is native to Galicia.

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