Designation of Origin

At Monvins we offer you a selection of wines from different Designations of Origin. Montsant, Terra Alta, Cava, Costers del Segre, Empordà, Balearic Islands, Priorat, Rioja, Bierzo, Ribera del Duero, Penedès and many others. Display the Buy by Category menu and then display the Designation of Origin menu.

  • AOC Champagne

    AOC Champagne (4)

    AOC ChampagneThe name comes from the northeastern French region of Champagne, where sparkling wine is made using the Champagne method. Which requires a double fermentation, the first in a barrel and the second in a bottle where the draft liquor is added. After the second fermentation, the expedition liqueur is added, which will mark the final taste (from Brut Nature to Dolç). The AOC Champagne was officially founded in 1936, although this product had already been made for many years.
  • Bierzo

    Bierzo (7)

    DO Bierzo The Region of Bierzo is located to the northwest of the province of Leon, in the Community of Castile and Leon. It occupies an area of 2,954.28 kilometers, which is 18% of the provincial area. It borders the provinces of Ourense, Lugo and Asturias, and is a communication axis between Galicia, León and Asturias. First of all, the vineyard in the Bierzo is characterized by an atomization of the plots, a smallholding property and sloping land, from 450 to 800 meters. Second, the soil of the Bierzo vineyard sits on Miocene materials covered by a Quaternary layer. The texture is frankly, moderately acidic, its pH is close to 5.5, with no carbonates, typical of humid climates. Sloping soils are made up of a mixture of coarse elements, quartzites and slates. Finally, the Bierzo has a very special microclimate, very suitable for crops in the area. The natural barrier of the Serra dels Ancares calms the impetus of the Atlantic storms and generates a continental climate, with the influence of the Ocean, suitable for the cultivation of the vineyard. The annual rainfall is 721 millimeters and the average temperature is 12.3 ºC, with minimum temperatures of 3.6 ºC in the cold months and maximum temperatures of 23.6 ºC in the warmer months. The average annual sunshine is between 2,100 and 2,200 hours of sunshine. Grape varieties In the Bierzo different varieties of grapes are produced, all adapted to the characteristics of the soils and the climate. The elaboration of the wines protected by the Designation of Origin will have to realize exclusively with the following varieties: Mencía, Grenache tintorera, Godello, Doña blanca and Palomino.
  • Cava

    Cava (2)

    DO CAVA It is a decentralized institution of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment. It is made up of winemakers, producers and representatives of the autonomous communities of the "Cava Region" and the Ministry. Its antecedents go back to 1959when the rules of trade for sparkling and aerated wines were established, where the term CAVA first appears. Subsequently, the Order of the Ministry of Agriculture of 23 April 1969 regulates sparkling and aerated wines and, in this way, sparkling wines made by the “classic system of fermentation in bottle and aging in cava are recognized as their own designation. ”And they can“ characterize their products with the name CAVA ”. This definition served as the basis for designating the product name. It was in 1972 when the Ministerial Order of 27 July was promulgated and the Regulatory Council of Sparkling Wines was set up with a function comparable to that of the designations of origin. With this provision it is subject to its own regulations, in terms of elaboration, production and marketing. Spain’s accession to the EU led to the equating of wines with DO to top category wines (quality wines psr). Prior to the Accession Treaty, Cava was the only specific Spanish designation that had its own structure, identical to that of designations of origin; the difference lay in the delimitation of the area and, for this reason, at the beginning of 1986 the “Cava Region” was established, which delimited the production area. Thus, Cava is protected from the EU and recognized as a quality sparkling wine produced in a given region (veqprd). Vineyards The vine varieties authorized to produce grapes for the elaboration of base wine and Cava are the following: White varieties: Macabeo, Xarel.lo, Parellada, Malvasía and Chardonnay. Red varieties: Red Grenache, Monastrell, Pinot Noir and Trepat.
  • Costers del Segre

    Costers del Segre (8)

    DO Costers del Segre History The inland character of the Costers del Segre region, far from the sea, has meant that for centuries the area has been far from the marketing routes. Innovations in grape varieties and production methods. It was the first place in Catalonia where the varieties of cabernet sauvignon, merlot and chardonnay, for example, were introduced. As well as, the native varieties, and the Californian vinification techniques were adopted. First of all, in 1983 Jaume Siurana, director of Incavi, and Manuel Raventós Artes, general director of Codorniu and Celler de Raimat, considered that the excellent wine quality of the counties of Lleida and the area tradition needed to be overseen by a regulatory council. Secondly, in 1986 the DO Coster del Segre was set up with five subzones. Finally, it was not until 1998 that two more subzones joined, Pallars Jussà and Segrià. Climate The area of the denomination is diverse with changed geological and climatic characteristics. The connecting link is the middle basin of the river Segre, between the Pyrenees and the Ebro river. The climate is inland and dry, far from the maritime influence and marked by high insolation, low rainfall and persistent humidity from winter mists. The vineyards are between 200 and 1,100 m above sea level. The floor is sand-covered limestone, with a great uniformity throughout the denomination. The subzones of Artesa and Pallars are the most northern, with the highest vineyards. Raimat, at the eastern end, has a mild relief and continental climate. The Segrià subzone is characteristic of dry land. Les Garrigues and Valls del Riucorb are arid lands.
  • Empordà

    Empordà (7)

    DO Empordà Territory The production area of the DO Empordà, includes a total of 55 municipalities distributed in two counties: 35 municipalities of the Alt Empordà and 20 municipalities of the Baix Empordà. The Alt Empordà production area is located in the north-eastern end of Catalonia. Sheltered at the foot of the Rhodes and Alberes mountains, in an arch that goes from Cap de Creus to the so-called Garrotxa d'Empordà. It is therefore bordered by the Pyrenees to the north, the Mediterranean to the east and the plain itself to the south. The Baix Empordà production area is bounded on the north by the Montgrí massif, on the southwest by the Gavarres massif and on the east by the Mediterranean. Soil and climate Great heterogeneity of soils, which are mostly sandy in texture and poor in organic matter, suitable for quality production. They are generally acidic and are located at sea level up to a maximum of 260m. It is necessary to distinguish the zones of the Empordà plain, where the soils of alluvial nature predominate. In mountainous areas and on mountain slopes, the soils are slate and granite, with landscapes of great beauty. The most characteristic climatic feature that affects crops is the strong north wind called Tramuntana. This wind blows with gusts that often exceed 120 KM / H and has very beneficial effects for the good health of the vineyard. For its part, winters are mild with few frosts and hot summers, tempered by sea breezes. The average annual temperature is between 14 and 16ºC. Rainfall is around 600 liters per year. The climate is very favorable for the good vegetative development of the vineyard destined to the production of quality wines. Varieties and viticulture The current vineyard is mostly old, with vineyards over 30 years old. This circumstance has positive characteristics from the point of view of the quality of the final product. As for the red varieties, Carignandominates, which forms the basis along with the Red Grenache. The dominant white varieties are white and red Grenache and Macabeo. Mention should be made of a recently recovered variety, the White Carignan. To a much lesser extent the Moscatel, the traditional Xarel·lo and, newly established, the Chardonnay, Sauvignon blanc and Gewurztraminer.
  • IGP Cádiz

    IGP Cádiz (3)

    IGP CÁDIZ The wines of Cádiz are currently covered by the IGP Cádiz (protected geographical indication) which includes 15 municipalities of Cádiz. It has an area of 1,500 hectares of vineyards and 16 wineries. The wines of the Land of Cádiz were born to differentiate still wines from the generous wines of Jérez. After a certain decline in the wines of Jerez wineries from Cádiz opted for the production of white wine and red wine as in other denominations evidencing its uniqueness and its contribution to the wine diversity of our house. Territory, Climate and Lands of Cadiz wines First of all, the terrain in Cádiz is practically flat in its entirety with slight slopes. Second, they enjoy a warm climate and little rainfall. Its soils are mainly calcareous which facilitates moisture retention which is important in a dry area. Varieties of grapes allowed The red grapes allowed for the elaboration of red wine are: Tintilla de Rota, Tempranillo, Syrah, Petit Verdot, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Grenache, Graciá, Merlot, Mollar Cano and Monastrell. Authorized white grapes: Chardonnay, Garrido Fine, Verdejo, Montúa, Macabeo, Moscatel, Palomino, Pedro Ximénez, Riesling, Perruno, Sauvignon Blanc. Buy Cadiz wines Finding Cadiz wines is a bit of a complicated task outside of Andalusia and is that the productions are small. In addition, the wines of the Land of Cádiz are still great unknowns so in few wine shops you can find such unique and innovative wines. Consequently, at we have opted to bring you a representation that we think is very interesting.
  • Balearic Islands

    Balearic Islands (4)

    Vi de la terra Illes Balears History It seems that the Romans introduced the cultivation of the vineyard and the elaboration of wines in the Balearic Islands. Despite the Muslim conquest of the islands and Koranic prohibitions, this crop was maintained. From the conquest of the island by James I in 1229 and during the medieval period, this crop would continue to work. The maximum extension of the vineyard arrives in 1890 with 30,000 hectares of vines. However, phylloxera destroys everything, and this extension of cultivation will never be achieved again. Regulation All bottles with the geographical indication "Wine of the land Balearic Islands "must go first with an official control number assigned by the Institute of Agri-Food Quality (IQUA) of the Government of the Balearic Islands, which corresponds to the control and certification of the" Wine of the land Balearic Islands ". Wine characteristics Red wines predominate like Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Callet. They are wines with a lot of color and layer. The aromatic phase is characterized by the presence of red fruits. They are full-bodied wines, powerful, rich in tannins and suitable for aging. The monovarietal white wines of chardonnay and muscatel are of recognized fame. Chardonnay wines are characterized by their aromatic flow, with notes of tropical fruits, pineapple and banana, and in the mouth they are fresh, wide and full-bodied, with a long and persistent finish. Also worth mentioning are the "muscats", which are characterized by the floral aroma, with notes of jasmine and violet, and in the mouth are balanced and fresh. Varieties Red: Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah, Monestrell, Tempranillo, Fogoneu, Callet, Manto Negre, Pinot Noir. White: Chardonnay, Moscatel d'Alexandria, Moscatel de gra menut, Moll, Parellada, Macabeo, Malvasia, Riesling, Viognier, Sauvignon Blanc.
  • Montilla Moriles

    Montilla Moriles (12)

    Montilla MorilesMontilla Moriles is a denomination of Andalusian origin for wines produced in whole or in part in 17 municipalities in the province of Córdoba, located in the districts of Campiña Sur de Córdoba, Campiña de Baena and Subbética of which Montilla is the capital. Almost all white grapes are used to make the wines, preferably the Pedro Ximenes variety, due to its unique characteristics. Also for aging, the use of the Criaderas and Soleras system is noteworthy, which causes them to be stored in American oak barrels from which a percentage of wine is exchanged between barrels, achieving a balance of age in each barrel and it means that the wines have almost no vintage date.
  • Montsant

    Montsant (8)

    DO Montsant, history and tradition The DO Montsant is a land where the landscape and wine have gone hand in hand over the centuries and where even the old vineyards. A History that, with renewed drive and enthusiasm, walks towards the future. The relationship of this territory with the vineyard and wine comes from as far away as the Roman Empire. However, it was not until the Middle Ages that the first expansion of the vineyard took place in the villages and territories that are currently part of the DO Montsant. It was during Christianization, at the hands of the Carthusian monks of Scala Dei, that cultivation became inseparable from this land. In fact, the establishment of the Carthusian Monastery (1194) was important enough to give its name to an entire geographical region: Priorat, lands of the prior. Territory In the villages that are part of the DO Montsant, wine production has been a constant over the centuries. At the end of the 19th century, the phylloxera plague triggered a long crisis in the sector that eventually led to the emergence of the first cooperatives. They were the beginning of the twentieth century, and their formation helped maintain cultivation in the area and prevent depopulation. These cooperatives include the two modernist cathedrals of Falset and Cornudella, both from 1919. Landscape The orography of the DO Montsant is varied. The vineyards are between 50 meters above sea level, in the lowest areas, and 700 meters, in the highest areas. The territory that is part of the DO Montsant is delimited by a semicircle of mountains that give it a unique shape. By the northern part it is delimited by the mountain range of Montsant, in charge to give name to the DO, and La Llena. To the east, the boundaries are marked by the Sierra de l’Argentera, La Mola de Colldejou and the Sierra de Llaberia, the area closest to the sea. On the opposite side we find the mountains of La Figuera and Tormo, and to the south is where the territory becomes more open facing the river Ebro. The Siurana and Montsant rivers flow there, which together with the Capçanes stream, form the waters that irrigate the territory. A well-exploited landscape is synonymous with a job well done, quality and sustainability. And these are precisely the values that define the wines of the DO Montsant, where the agricultural model knows how to harmonize the Mediterranean agricultural tradition with innovation and creativity to create a project for the future. Grape varieties Although the DO Montsant included 28 wineries when it was born, now there are more than 50 wineries that live there. Finally, among the grape varieties authorized by the DO Montsant, 4 stand out that can be considered historical and predominant. First, the white varieties are White Grenache and Macabeo. And in the case of reds, Red Grenache and Carignan, which represent more than 65% of the Montsant vineyards. These historical and autochthonous varieties are the ones that best adapt to the territory and the ones that give uniqueness to the DO Montsant.
  • Penedès

    Penedès (15)

    DO Penedès Land and climate The land of the DO Penedès is wide and open and extends along a large strip of territory between sea and mountains, halfway between Barcelona and Tarragona. Within this natural setting, our wines come from the best selected vineyards in the area. Zones In the middle of the Catalan pre-coastal depression, between the pre-coastal mountain range and the small plains of the Mediterranean coast, the vineyards of our wine region mature. Microclimates The Penedès Designation of Origin has a great diversity of microclimates, as a consequence of the proximity of the coast and the altitude. The climate is typically Mediterranean, it is mild and warm. The Penedès Marítim area is more temperate due to the influence and proximity of the sea. The Penedès Superior enjoys more frequent rainfall and more contrast between maximum and minimum temperatures. The Central Penedès is the compendium of both microclimates. Singularity The uniqueness of its wines results from its uniqueness. A thousand flavors, aromas, bodies and structures ... are the result of climatic and landscape differences and the richness and variety of the soils that make it up, tinged with the green of the mountains and plains or the blue of the Mediterranean waters. White varieties The DO Penedès, widely recognized for its quality in white wines, combines a range of wines made with traditional varieties (xarel·lo, macabeu and parellada) with others that over the years have been introduced and successfully acclimatized (chardonnay , riesling, sauvignon blanc ...). And with xarel·lo wines as the DO's standard, Penedès wines are full of aroma, flavor and quality. A pleasure for the senses. Red varieties The red varieties we find are: Red Grenache, Monastrell, Pinot Noir, Carignan, Syrah, Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon and Tempranillo.
  • Pla de Bages

    Pla de Bages (6)

    DO Pla de Bages History The beginnings The first indications of vineyards and wine in the Pla de Bages are found in Roman villas. A piece of Ibero-Roman pottery from the 2nd-1st centuries BC was found in the town of Boades (Castellgalí). where there is an inscription with the word VINUM. After the fall of the Roman Empire, we do not find the first vineyards cultivated until the year 940. Bageswas the most inland region of Catalonia where the vineyard was cultivated and the wine was made well. Thus, Bages was the supplier of wine from the so-called mountain lands, in exchange for wheat and other agricultural products. The expansion of the vineyard in the century XIV it was so large that protectionist privileges began to be granted. For example, in 1330 Alfonso IV the Benign granted Santpedor the privilege of forbidding outsiders from entering wine or vintage. In fact, this was the moment of maximum splendor of the city of Manresa, with a great growth of the city and the construction of its main works. To understand the present In the middle of the century XVI the first stone tubs appear inside the farmhouse, which will be built en masse from the century XVII. Thus were born the characteristic tiled glazed ceramic vats of the Pla de Bages, with the wooden honeycomb as a lid to crush the grapes on top. This system will be used until well into the century XX. The abandonment of the vineyard in Bages was progressive between 1925 and 1989. The period from 1925-1950 was when most of them were torn down due to tensions between landlords and sharecroppers, the Civil War, high cereal prices and improved truck and rail transport. Between 1975 and 1982 the vineyard continued to decline to 500 hectares in 1989, which represented almost the disappearance of the vineyard. Climate and soils Within a mid-mountain continental Mediterranean climate, Bages has the ideal conditions for wine cultivation: an exceptional microclimate, low rainfall and a strong thermal oscillation, as well as a clayey and calcareous soil. Its wines are impregnated with balsamic notes of lavender, thyme and rosemary. These aromatic plants that populate the forests of pines, oaks and holm oaks surround the vineyards. Traditional varieties in Pla de Bages White varieties Picapoll White: Late variety, oval grain and thick skin, which protects it in its long maturation. It gives wines of medium acidity that makes them very kind and enhances their feeling of volume. Aromatically it reveals citrus notes, such as grapefruit, lavender and in cooler years the floral notes (white flower like jasmine). Red varieties Mandó: Mandó is an almost forgotten variety of red grape that is recovering satisfactorily. The wines made with this variety are surprising for their quality and personality. Therefore, a great effort is being made for its reintroduction by rescuing the few strains that have survived its abandonment. It gives truncated conical droplets of medium size considerably compact. Its grains are small and spherical reaching maturity with a purple hue. Sumoll: The most preserved native red variety in the area. Medium cycle, large grapes and high average production. It gives reds of little color but a lot of freshness and tannic structure, with a style of continental wines (that is to say, more similar to Pinots Noirs and Nebiolos than to Bordeaux varieties). Tannins that are difficult to ripen, which is why it has always been considered a good variety for obtaining rosés. Picapoll red.
  • Priorat

    Priorat (8)

    DOQ Priorat History The place name Priorat has been linked to the concept of wine for centuries. The sum of a soil, a climate, an orography and the work of men and women who have made it following the techniques of a millennial tradition with the help, today, of a technology adapted to the requirements of the quality, they have given an authentic, exclusive product: the Priorat wine. The Carthusian Monastery of Scala Dei represents the historical cradle of wines and viticulture of the Priorat Qualified Designation of Origin. The Carthusian monks brought from Provence, in the twelfth century, the knowledge and techniques to develop a viticulture that was strongly rooted and has evolved over the centuries. The domains of the Carthusian Monastery formed the so-called historic Priorat, which today coincides with the wine region of the DOQ Priorat. The Carthusians of Scala Dei cultivated the vineyard and made wine in the Carthusian monastery, following a school of work and spirituality. Perhaps the Priorat is a mystical wine. For almost 1000 years, nine small villages have been hidden among the slate slopes that are scattered at the foot of the Montsant mountain range. Its inhabitants, always viticulturists, modeled the land with margins. After the Law of Mendizábal (1835), thanks to a great effort and the increasing development of the vineyard the viticulturists recovered their dignity. Territory The DOQ Priorat forms a compact and well-defined landscape unit, made up of the large mountain amphitheater that extends at the foot of the Sierra de Montsant, due to the slate lithology of its slopes and the treatment that has always been given in the agricultural field, which has remained almost intact until recently. The orography of this area means that the vineyard has to be cultivated on slopes with such steep slopes that, in some cases, it is necessary to build terraces. The landscape generated by these vineyards is one of the characteristic features of the Priorat that give it such a strong personality. Much of the territory of the DOQ Priorat enjoys some type of landscape protection, whether as a Special Plan of Natural Interest (PEIN); Natura 2000 Network; or as part of the territory included in the Serra de Montsant Natural Park. The DOQ Priorat has cataloged 100% of the territory in accordance with its own conditions for the planting of the vineyard. Varieties The varieties recommended and those authorized in the Priorat Qualified Designation of Origin are the following: Recommended red varieties: Red Grenache and Carignan. Authorized red varieties: hairy Grenache, Tempranillo, Red Picapoll, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Pinot Noir, Merlot and Syrah. White varieties: White Grenache, Macabeo, Pedro Ximénez, Chenin, Alexandria Muscat, Small Grain Muscat, Pansal, White Picapoll and Viognier. Grenache and Carignan, stars of a select range of varieties The most cultivated varieties in Prioratare the red ones, with the Carignan and the Grenache as the most outstanding autochthonous varieties.
  • Rías Baixas

    Rías Baixas (4)

    DO RÍAS BAIXAS The Designation of Origin Rias Baixas is a small wine-growing area located in the northwest of Spain, in the region of Galicia. Although in the Rias Baixas there is a deep winemaking tradition, inherited generation after generation, it is from the year 1988, with the constitution of its Regulatory Council, when the wine sector acquires a fundamental weight in the development of the economy. of this territory. One of the determining factors is the bet by the autochthonous varieties, in particular the albariño. These are resistant to the adverse climate of this territory that give a genuine quality and origin to wines of a marked Atlantic character. Conditioned by Galicia's own smallholdings, this Designation of Origin currently has an area of 4,061 hectares, spread over more than 21,825 plots. The wise and expert hands of the more than 5,550 winegrowers in this area opted for traditional viticulture. Most vineyards are cultivated in the form of vines, this unique driving system conditions that the tasks of pruning and harvesting must be done by hand. Location The Rias Baixas Designation of Origin is located especially in the province of Pontevedra and a small part in that of A Coruña. It is also divided into five subzones Val do Salnés, O Rosal, Ribeira do Ulla, Comtat do Tea and Soutomaior.
  • Ribeiro

    Ribeiro (4)

    DO Ribeiro The Ribeiro Designation of Origin is located in Galicia, on the northwestern edge of the province of Orense. Between the confluences of the valleys formed by the rivers Miño, Avia and Arnoia. A region 45 km far from the Atlantic Ocean, in a very particular area and of excellent aptitude for the cultivation of the vineyard. CLIMATE Climate is the key factor that determines the agronomy, varieties and style of wines. The DO Ribeiro is located in a transitional area of Galicia, of a Mediterranean character softened by the Atlantic influence due to the short distance from the ocean. In fact, this distance should mean a greater Atlantic character of the environment. However, the orography of mountain ranges that limits the denomination by the west and north, exerts an important protective effect. Consequently, a viticulture is generated where the alcoholic maturation is developed parallel to the phenolic maturation, conserving a balanced freshness propitiated by the natural acidity and with a dominion of the tartaric one on the malic one. The slightly continental character, due to the dominant air currents, causes a significant thermal difference between day and night. This favors the slow maturation respecting the aromatic component and natural freshness. There are three valleys created by its three main rivers: Miño, Avia and Arnoia. A natural environment formed by slopes, terraces and terraces, excellent for the production of quality wines based on viticulture. All this, favored by a very peculiar microclimate, ventilated and with good exposure for the maturation of the autochthonous varieties of the zone. The maritime influence that penetrates the Miño river basin, creates bands of climatic ecotonia on the slopes. In conclusion, we find a greater Atlantic character as it rises to the level, so that it limits the crop to approximately 450 meters in height for the varieties cultivated to the denomination of Origin.
  • Ribera del Duero

    Ribera del Duero (12)

    Ribera del Duero Climatological characteristics The specific climatic conditions that characterize the cultivation of the vineyard in the Ribera del Duero, have a great influence throughout the vegetative cycle of the vineyards. They play a key role in plant development and grape ripening. The quality of the wines obtained depends to a large extent on these special conditions. The climate of the Ribera del Duero is therefore characterized by moderate-low rainfall (400-600 mm as average rainfall per year). Its summers are dry and the winters long and harsh. With marked thermal oscillations throughout the seasons. These specifications frame it within a Mediterranean climate, but with a marked continental character. Thus the intense cold delays the sprouting of the vine. The abrupt changes of temperature between the summer day and night, cause a perfect balance of the fruit during his ripening. Finally, in autumn, a magnificent quality grape is harvested. Geological characteristics The Ribera del Duero is located on the great northern plateau of the Iberian Peninsula, formed by a large ancient plinth razed and, in part, covered by tertiary sediments. The largest volume of these sediments is made up of lenticular layers of silty or clayey sands, and the alternation of layers, both calcareous and marl, and even calcareous concretions, stands out. The riparian basin has horizontal levels, gently undulating, limited by differential erosion, and converted today to the state of peneplano. The relief of the area oscillates between the interfluvial hills, with elevations of 911 meters, while in the valleys, with a topographic height between 750 and 850 meters.
  • Rioja

    Rioja (22)

    DOCa Rioja La Rioja has managed to stay at the forefront of wine innovation with a great diversity of wines with a different personality. They have based their success on the markets and placed it in the elite of European historical designations of origin. Today the "Rioja" brand is one of the five most notorious among the most prestigious wine areas in the world. The experience of viticulturists and elaboradores has allowed to realize a natural selection of those varieties of grape that demonstrated better qualities of adaptation to the climatology and soils of the Rioja. At the same time, they were able to provide wines of the highest quality. To this historical process has been added currently the innovative impulse of the sector, always attentive to the evolution and the demand of the markets. This fact has led to the authorization of new varieties in 2008, being the first time since the creation of the Denomination in 1925 that new varieties are incorporated. With the fundamental aim of seeking, firstly, greater competitiveness in white wines, and secondly, to bring diversity to its wine production. Of course, maintaining the identity and differentiation. Finally, these are the varieties authorized by the DOQ Rioja, between which it emphasizes the Tempranillo in red, and the Viura or Macabeo in white: - White varieties: Viura (Macabeo), Tempranillo Blanc (White Tempranillo), White Grenache, Malvasia, Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay, Verdejo, Maturana Blanca and Turruntés. - Red varieties: Tempranillo, Red Grenache, Graciano, Carignan and Maturana Negra.
  • Rueda

    Rueda (1)

    DO RUEDA The Designation of Origin Rueda was recognized the day 12 of January of 1980 by order of the Ministry of Agriculture, being the first Designation of Origin recognized in the Independent Community of Castile and Leon, after several years working by the recognition and protection of its native variety: the Verdejo. "The area covered by the DO Rueda is specialized in the production of white wines." The Designation of Origin has a very favorable natural means for the production of high quality wines. Being an area specialized in the elaboration of white wines, of wide international recognition. Likewise, since 5 August 2008, red and rosé wines have also been covered by the DO; date in which the current regulation of the DO Rueda is published in the Official Gazette of Castile and Leon. The different cultivated grape varieties are distributed irregularly by the different municipal terms that make up the DO. However, the vineyard reaches its highest concentration and intensity in the municipalities of La Seca, Rueda and Serrada. It is the vineyard of the Verdejo variety that occupies the largest area. The varieties allowed by the regulatory council are: - Main White Varieties: Verdejo and Sauvignon Blanc. - Authorized White Varieties: Viura (Macabeo), Palomino Fino, Viognier and Chardonnay. - Main red varieties: Tempranillo. - Authorized red varieties: Red Grenache, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Syrah.
  • Terra Alta

    Terra Alta (7)

    Denominació d'Origen Terra Alta The production and elaboration area of the DO Terra Alta (DOTA) is located in the south of Catalonia, between the river Ebro and the border with Aragonese lands and includes the 12 municipalities of the region of Terra Alta. Its landscape retains all the characteristic features of an inland terroir close to the Mediterranean Sea: pre-coastal calcareous mountain ranges (Ports d'Horta, Serres de Pàndols and Cavalls), small rivers (the Algars and the Canaletes), mountains of conglomerate rock, oak and white pine forests and above all, agricultural soils dyed of the typical Mediterranean crops: almond, vine and olive. Within this framework, it is necessary to add three clearly differentiated landscape units of agricultural interest: La Plana, l’Altiplà and Les Valls. CHARACTERISTICS: Cultivated soils generally have medium textures. They have as a common denominator their richness in limestone and are poor in organic matter. The DOTA soil catalog classifies up to 17 profiles, among which the Honeycomb stands out. Another feature that claims the inland Mediterranean character is the climate. Abundant sunshine and little rainfall. Two particularities stand out: a singular balance between the two dominant winds, the Cerç (NO) and the garbinades (marinades of the South component) and a cold winter that denotes a certain continentality. THE VINEYARDS The vineyard is present throughout the landscape units of La Plana, Altiplà and Les Valls and is especially concentrated in the central third of the production area, between 350 and 550 meters above sea level. The terrace is the most common unit of cultivation and is a consequence of the interaction of the crop with the varied orography of the land, arranging it on different slopes and orientations, often between dry stone walls -the margins- or ridges with vegetation. , both helping to prevent cropland losses from erosion. The most traditional terrace locations are the plains and the slopes, differentiated by slopes less than or greater than 10%, respectively. The rest of the vineyards are located on terraced terraces, terraces, and valley bottoms, practically without a slope and therefore with greater water use. The predominance of traditional grape varieties is the other distinguishing feature of the DO Terra Alta. White Grenache, Red Grenache and Fluffy Grenache are the predominant grape varieties. Together with the Macabeo, the Parellada and the Samsó they sum three quarters of the cultivated surface. As a result of these interactions with the terroir and the viticultural culture, the practice of viticulture in the Terra Alta is friendly to the environment. The harvest is characterized by an optimal phytosanitary status, a ripe grape and a great oenological value for the elaboration of the wines.
  • Tierra de León

    Tierra de León (2)

    DO Tierra de León The first documentary news about the history of the DO Tierra de León dates back to the early tenth century. They serve as an indicator to establish the two economic sources on which the territories under its influence were based, the mills for cereal processing. and the vineyards. To the being the geographic scope of the mention DO Leon quite ample, and to include the zone of influence of two shores; Esla and Cea, is located under the broad context of the Mediterranean climate domain in its cold variant. Although the influence of the Atlantic and the North should soften its temperatures and make abundant precipitations, the high altitude of the plateau where it is and the edge of the mountainous relief of the Cantabrian mountain range, modify the climatic characteristics, giving rise to a strong continentality. Climate First, a rigorous and extensive winter period during which persistent fogs and frosts occur. An irregular spring period, alternating mild temperatures with the dreaded spring frosts. An irregular summer period, alternating hot and arid periods with other cold ones that give the calculation a mild character, always placing the average temperature of the warmer months above 20º C. A mild and generally rainy autumn that favors a good end of maturation. Second, extreme temperatures between day and night. Conditioning and favorable factor for the accumulation of grape polyphenols and the enhancement of aromas. Also worth mentioning is the average annual rainfall, which is around 500 mm., Distributed during the summer and autumn periods. And finally, high brightness in the area, with an average of 2,700 hours of sunshine per year, which favors a uniform ripening of the grapes.